Moulder Dulcian Tenor
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Moulder dulcian tenor. The curtal, or dulcian as it was known in Germany, is a double reed instrument and was the forerunner of the bassoon. Although its exact origins are not known, many believe it came from Italy in the early sixteenth century, and soon spread throughout Europe and as far as England by the end of the century. The curtal has a conical bore doubled into a “U” to produce a significantly more compact instrument. Unlike the bassoon however, the conical tube of the curtal is hollowed out of a single piece of wood and is not jointed. It is bored from the bottom upwards along one side, and from the top downwards, for the wider part of the conical windway, on the other side. The two bores are connected at the bottom and closed by a plug of wood. The brass crook, upon which the double reed is fitted, sits into the narrower bore.
The Moulder tenor curtal with 2 keys is based on a set in the Brussels conservatoire. As with all Moulder’s instruments, it plays well and demonstrates a very high level of craftsmanship.