About Antique Ivory and CITES Certificates
Saltaire: +44 (0) 1274 288 100
London: +44 (0) 20 7632 3960

Both African and Asian elephants are protected under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency responsible for implementing and enforcing the ESA and CITES. CITES regulates the international commercial and non-commercial movement of both elephant species, including their ivory and ivory products. The ESA complements CITES in controlling domestic and international movement of elephant ivory, and by prohibiting or regulating interstate commerce in the species.

With this being said, African and Asian elephant ivory can be legally owned or bought and sold within the United States providing it meets ESA requirements and State laws. Elephant ivory that is antique may be imported if accompanied by: a) documentation that shows the article is at least 100 years old and has not been repaired or modified with any new ivory since the effective date of the Act (December 28, 1973), and b) a CITES Pre-Convention Certificate from the Management Authority of the exporting country. This paperwork MUST accompany the shipment from the time it is exported and should arrive with the shipment into the United States.